Diabetes Types And How To Treat Them

March 17, 2023 0 Comments

There are few Diabetes’ types you may or may not have heard of:

1. Type 1:

In this the immune system destroys the cells in the pancreas that makes the beta cells. These cells are also known as beta cells. This type of diabetes is also once called as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. It usually develops in children, teens or adults, can happen at any age as well. This Diabetes condition is less common compared to type 2 Diabetes.


Various types of insulin are commonly used by people with type 1 and 1.5 diabetes. They differ in their rates of action and the duration of their effects:

► The effects of rapid-acting insulin last for 2 to 4 hours after it begins to work in just 15 minutes
► Short-acting insulin: starts to function within 30 minutes and lasts 3 to 6 hours
► Intermediate-acting insulin: starts to operate within 2 to 4 hours and lasts 12 to 18 hours
► Long-acting insulin: starts to function 2 hours after injection and lasts up to 24 hours
► Ultra-long acting insulin: starts to work 6 hours after being injected and lasts 36 hours or more
► Premixed insulin: starts up within 15 to 30 minutes (depending on whether a rapid-acting or short-acting insulin) and can last between 10 to 16 Hours

2. Type 2:

With type 2 diabetes, your body doesn’t use insulin well and can’t keep blood sugar at normal levels. About 90-95% of people with diabetes have type 2. It develops over many years and is usually diagnosed in adults (but more and more in children, teens, and young adults) (but more and more in children, teens, and young adults). You may not notice any symptoms, so it’s important to get your blood sugar tested if you’re at risk. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed by healthy lifestyle adjustments, such as:

► Cutting Down Weight

► Eating Nutritious Food

► Being Energetic


Even if diet or exercise doesn’t provide the desired results then the only way to solve it is by taking medicinal drugs.

These are the following drugs that can help lower blood sugar levels:

alpha-glucosidase inhibitorsslow down your body’s breakdown of sugars and starchy foodsacarbose (Precose) and miglitol
biguanidesdecreases the amount of glucose your liver makesmetformin (Glucophage, Riomet)
DPP-4 inhibitorsimprove your blood sugar without making it drop down too lowalogliptin (Nesina), linagliptin (Tradjenta), saxagliptin (Onglyza), and sitagliptin (Januvia)
glucagon-like peptidesstimulate your pancreas to produce more insulin; slow stomach emptyingsemaglutide (Ozempic), dulaglutide (Trulicity), exenatide (Byetta), and liraglutide (Victoza)
meglitinidesstimulate your pancreas to release more insulinnateglinide and repaglinide
SGLT2 inhibitorsrelease more glucose into the urinecanagliflozin (Invokana), dapagliflozin (Farxiga), and empagliflozin (Jardiance)
sulfonylureasstimulates your pancreas to release more insulinglyburide (Glynase), glipizide (Glucotrol), and glimepiride (Amaryl)
thiazolidinedioneshelp insulin function betterpioglitazone (Actos) and rosiglitazone
image credit: healthline.com

3. Gestational Diabetes:

Gestational diabetes develops in pregnant women who have never had diabetes. If you have gestational diabetes, your unborn child may be more susceptible to health issues. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after your baby is born. However, it increases your risk for type 2 diabetes later in life. Your baby is more likely to have obesity as a child or teen and develop type 2 diabetes later in life.


In the event that you get a conclusion of gestational diabetes, you’ll have to screen your glucose level a few times each day during pregnancy. Assuming it’s high, dietary changes and exercise might be sufficient to cut it down.

Research has viewed that as around 15% to 30% Trusted Source of women who foster gestational diabetes will require insulin to bring down their glucose. Insulin is ok for the unborn child.

4. Prediabetics:

In the United States, 96 million adults—more than 1 in 3—have prediabetes. More than 8 in 10 of them don’t know they have it. With prediabetes, blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough for a type 2 diabetes diagnosis. Prediabetes raises the risk for type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. There is good news, though. If you have prediabetes, a CDC-recognized lifestyle change programme can help you take healthy steps to reverse it.

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